70 Weeks of Daniel 3
Do you wonder sometimes where Theologians and Scholars get there prophetic definitions?
Generally speaking it comes from the rich language in which the prophecy is couched.
The following section dealing with the “70 Weeks” of Daniel is a good example.
We better get this End Times message under our belts before the Great Consummation begins and we need to run for our little Christian lives. Watch out of that
Now, take a look at this…
The Segments of Daniel’s Prophecy
The term seventy weeks in Daniel 9:24 refer to the seventy segments of seven years each. The Hebrew word for seventy simply means the number seventy. On the other hand, the word weeks represents an exponential concept meaning “sevened.” The term sevened relates to multiplying the object in question (or in this case, the number) by seven.
Below you will see the first two verses of the prophecy containing the expressions “Seventy” and in verse 25 “seven weeks and sixty-two weeks”.
Seventy weeks are determined for your people and for your holy city, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sins, to make reconciliation for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up the vision and prophecy, And to anoint the Most Holy. (Daniel 9:24 NKJV)
Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the command to restore and build Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince, there shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublesome times. (Daniel 9:25 NKJV)
Based on the definition of the Hebrew word shabuwa, the writer used the term “week” rather than “sevened.” With this in mind, the prophecy’s segments—seven segments, sixty-two segments, and one segment—are each multiplied by seven years per segment. Using this paradigm, seventy weeks represents seventy segments multiplied by seven years per segment, equaling 490 years. According to the prophecy’s guidelines in verse 27, the one-week segment (or period of seven years) is divided into two equal parts, resulting in two three-and-a-half-year segments. This concept will be more fully developed shortly.
Weeks—Shabuwa`, shä·vü’·ah, H7620
Shabuwa is a past participle of H7650, a prime root, meaning to swear or adjure repeatedly seven times. Shabuwa`, or H7620, means to seven oneself, as if it has already been sevened. Sheba`, H7651, is the denominative meaning seven, as in the prime cardinal number seven; shabuwa` relates directly to the Hebrews’ concept for a sacred week or the sacred full one or full one week, also meaning to do a thing seven times. The word literally means to be sevened. This word is specifically related to a period of one week of years; thus translated, shabuwa` means to multiply the object or subject in question by seven years, as in one segment equaling one week of years, or seven years [ASECB].
For each of the three segments, the multiplication principle is the same. Each week represents seven years. Therefore, the seven weeks segment is multiplied by seven years per segment, equaling forty-nine years. The sixty-two-week segment is multiplied by seven years per segment, equaling 434 years, and the one-week segment equals seven years. Collectively, the Seventy Weeks of Daniel equal 490 years.
Fulfilling the Weeks
Fulfillment for the seven weeks segment began in approximately 538 BC. At this time, King Cyrus issued a decree, commanding the restoration and rebuilding of Jerusalem and the temple. The seven week time frame ended between 438 BC and 436 BC, when the wall was completed. The historian Josephus detailed the events surrounding the completion of the wall in 437 BC based on his current-day records of the Israelite people.
Historically, King Cyrus is known for giving the command to begin restoration and thereby activating the seven weeks segment in accordance with Daniel’s prophecy and the Cyrus Decree. Noticeably the number of years between 538 BC and 437 BC equals 101 consecutive years. Though it may appear to be a discrepancy at this time, the facts will resolve this enigma shortly.
Trusted because of his credentials, Josephus, a Jewish-Roman historian, was known as Titus Flavius Josephus because of his attachment to the royal family of Emperor Titus Flavius Vespasian. Born Joseph ben Matityahu in approximately AD 37, he was a first-century historian of Romano-Jewish descent. Considered highly educated for his day, Josephus was touted as a scholar and hagiographer famed for his biographies of the saints. The Jewish War (AD 75), Antiquities of the Jews (AD 94), and Against Apion (AD 97) were considered to represent his most famous or important works.
In Antiquities of the Jews, volumes 10 through 12, Josephus wrote extensively about the captivity, lives, and restoration of the Jewish people. As a historian of the first century, Josephus lived during a time when Jewish scribes were still keeping detailed records of the Israelite people. Through official records of the day, he provided a reasonably reliable window into and record of the lives and history of the Jewish nation.
The sixty-two weeks segment (Daniel 9:25) began its period of fulfillment between 438 BC and 436 BC, after the completion of the wall. According to the Seventy Weeks of Daniel, the street and the wall had to be rebuilt during “troublous times.” This is a very important element of the prophecy, an identifier or footprint, stipulating requirements to the prophecy and confirming the prophecy’s time line. As will be established shortly, events during the time line, combined with the Cyrus Decree, helps to validate the prophecy’s starting point. The sixty-two weeks segment began with the wall’s completion and ended 434 years later in 3 BC. This period coincides closely with the birth of Jesus Christ in Bethlehem.
Collectively the seven weeks and sixty-two weeks segments equal sixty-nine of the seventy weeks.
Be aware, none of the six edicts from Daniel 9:24 were fulfilled during the first sixty-nine weeks of the prophecy. At the end of the sixty-two-week segment, the birth of the Messiah had just taken place, as prophesied (Daniel 9:25–26).
At this point in the prophecy, only the seventieth week remained for completing the six edicts, establishing the covenant between God and humanity and fulfilling the great completion or consummation of the prophecy.
By the completion of the sixty-two week segment of the prophecy, 3 BC, only seven years remained to accomplish the prophecy’s six edicts and numerous other prophetic tasks; however, the Messiah was only an infant in 3 BC and could not commence His portion of the fulfillment.
Note: these nuances are often the very reasons scholars misinterpret the Seventy Weeks of Daniel prophecy.
Fortunately, the prophetic text within scripture also provided time for Jesus to reach the age of manhood and prophetically qualify to fulfill His role as Savior. The explanation for the events during the remaining week, or seven-year period, is yet found in Daniel 9:26–27, to be detailed shortly.
Well, maybe not that shortly because it will take place in, “70 Weeks of Daniel 4.”
Stay Frosty. 🙂