Ready for the Meat of the Word? Then dig in!
The follow text will be slightly more studious than most of my blogs but I trust you will enjoy the erudition none the less. Additional excerpts have been taken from “This Side of the Whirlwind” chapter 7 to create this blog.
Daniel’s People of the Prince
A major though common mistake made by many End Times educators is the idea Daniel’s “people of the prince” from Daniel 9:26 are non-Christians. During countless End Times conversations, most, if not all, supporters on the subject claim “the people of the prince” are followers of the Beast. On first blush it would likely be assumed the people of the prince, if not followers of the Beast, might be Hebrews following their Messiah; however, the verse and section in question is a prophetic-one which relates specifically to the distant future after the first half of the Covenant (Jesus’ ministry) has been fulfilled. Therefore, the “people of the prince” are followers in this prophesied far-flung future.
If the people of the prince in fact oppose Christians and Christian organizations, then it stands to reason the prince, by default, would be the Beast. This mistaken assumption has stood far too long and could not be further from the truth. The identity of the prince is extremely important. Additional evidence supporting the prince’s identity as Jesus, the Christ, will be presented immediately. The fact the pronoun “he” in verse 27 is coupled with the noun “prince” in verses 25 and 26 is virtually unassailable. This one pronoun is likely the most seriously misinterpreted End Times element of the entire Latter Days message, and has led many astray.
Prince” Word Choices
In Daniel’s time, there were fifteen Hebrew words interpreted as either “prince,” “leader,” “ruler,” or “chief.” Out of these fifteen word choices, only two Hebrew words referred to a prince of noble character or theme. From these fifteen word choices, some would have us believe Daniel chose to represent the Beast as a “prince” of noble theme. Something is wrong with this picture. With so many word choices for a neutral or ignoble “prince,” it is unreasonable to believe Daniel chose one of only two words that specifically depict a person of nobility. Daniel had thirteen other words with which to label a villain or prince of lesser character. If the “prince” spoken of in Daniel 9:26 is not “Messiah the Prince,” as in Daniel 9:25, then Daniel had a strange sense of humor and stretched his imagination.
Here is a list of the fifteen Hebrew and two Chaldean or Aramaic words for “prince” used during the time of Daniel’s Old Testament writings. When you have finished reviewing the word choices, consider the following questions:
- A) Which word would you have used if you knew you were writing about the Beast?
- B) Which word would you have used if you were writing about Messiah the Prince?
Words and Reference Numbers from Strong’s Concordance
- H324 Chaldean word for prince—Daniel used this word in Daniel 3:2.
- H2831 a wealthy prince—used once in Psalms 68:31, referring to princes of Egypt, perhaps referring to a wealthy enemy prince
- H3548 literally one officiating, a priest, prince, principal officer; possibly inappropriate because of office or rank
- * H5057 nagiyd, 5057, näghēd’ from 5046; a commander (as occupying the front), civil, military, or religious; generally (abstract plural), honorable themes: captain, chief, excellent thing, (chief) governor, leader, noble, prince, (chief) ruler
- H5081 nadiyb, nädēv’ from 5068 properly voluntary, i.e., generous; hence, magnanimous; as noun, a grandee (sometimes a tyrant): free, liberal (things), noble, prince, willing (willing-hearted)
- H5257 neciyk, nesēk’, from 5258, properly, something poured out, i.e., a libation; also a molten image; by implication; a prince (as anointed): drink offering, duke, prince (principal) (used twice in scripture, Psalms 83:11 and Daniel 11:8, both times referring to enemy princes)
- * H5387 nasiy’, näsē’, from 5375, properly, an exalted one, i.e., a king or sheik; also a rising mist: captain, chief, cloud, governor, prince, ruler, vapor (could have used this word)
- H5461 cagan, sägän’, from an unused root meaning, to superintend; a prefect of a province: prince, ruler; a prince of lower status, possibly a magistrate.
- H6579 partam, partam’, of persons, or a grandee (celebrity): (most) noble, prince (used only in Daniel 1:3, referring to a prince; otherwise, the word is used for noble, nobles, and nobility
- H7101 qatsiyn, kätsēn’, from 7096, in the sense of determining; a magistrate (as deciding) or other leader: captain, guide, prince, ruler, comparatively 6278 (lower wrung of authority)
- H7227 rab, rav, by contraction, from 7231, abundant (in quantity, size, age number, rank, quality): in (abound) (abundance) (ant, abundantly), captain, elder, enough, exceedingly, full, great, greatly, great man, great one), increase, long (enough, [time]), (do, have) many (manifold, things, a time), [ship] master, mighty, more, (too, very) much, multiply (multitude), officer, often [times], plenteous, populous, prince, process [of time], suffice (sufficient)
- H7261 rabreban (Chaldees word), ravrev·än’, from 7260, a magnate: Lord, prince (unlikely to be used because it’s not a Hebrew word)
- H7333 razown, räzōn’, from 7336, a dignitary: prince (used once in Proverb 14:28 as the word prince)
- H7336 razan, räzan’, a prime root, probably; to be heavy, i.e., (figuratively.) honorable: prince, ruler; a lower wrung of authority than a king
- H7991 shaliysh, shälēsh’, from 7969, a triple, i.e., (as a musical instrument) a triangle *or perhaps rather a three-stringed lute; also (as an indefinite great quantity) a threefold measure (perhaps a treble ephah); also (as an officer) a captain, instrument of music, (great) lord, (great) measure, prince, three [from the margin] (inappropriate use of the word)
- H8269 sar, sar, from 8323, a head person (of rule), chief (captain), general, governor, keeper, lord, ([taskmaster]) master, prince (principal), ruler, steward; a lower wrung of authority than a king?
- H8323 sarar, särar’, a prime root, to have (transitive exercise; reflexive get) dominion: altogether, make self a prince, (bear) rule\
Granted, the word choice someone else might use does not necessarily provide evidence in and of itself. When studying the book of Daniel, it is obvious Daniel was educated and knowledgeable in the terminology and phraseology of his day. Daniel did know the appropriate words available to him for expressing either an ignoble or noble prince. Daniel chose the most appropriate word for the task. More compelling evidence will be presented shortly, but for now, look over these alternate word choices Daniel used and could have used for various leaders.
The following is a list of word choices Daniel frequently employed for leadership positions within his text.
Times Used Word Choice Used to Describe
9 times prince H 324 Achashdarpan, (Aramaic/Chaldean language)
3 times prince H5057 Nigiyd for the Messiah
1 time princes H5257 Neciyk sons of nobles
1 time princes H6579 Partam sons of nobles
1 time princes H7101 Gatsiyn prince from a foreign land
8 times princes H7261 Rebreban (Aramaic/Chaldean language)
3 times chief H 7229 Rab (Aramaic and Hebrew H7227)
8 times ruler/s H7990 Shalliyt (Aramaic/Chaldean language)
18 times Prince H8269 Sar lower wrung of leadership
Only three times did Daniel use the word nagiyd in his writings, with each use referring to Messiah the Prince. The idea that “the prince” in Daniel 9:26 or the pronoun “he” in Daniel 9:27 is referring to the Beast is farfetched. In each instance where Daniel uses the word nagiyd in Daniel 9:24–27, he is referring to Messiah the Prince; therefore, the pronoun he used in verse 27 must also reference the Messiah. Such is the use and standard for both present and past syntax in question.
The next blog “He Shall Confirm a Covenant? 4” will decipher mysteries found in the last week of Daniel’s Seventieth Week. Don’t miss it!
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